THE INDEPENDENT SOCIETY "HUMAN RIGHTS IN GEORGIA" Monthly bulletin # 6-7/ 2000
HUMAN RIGHTS INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTATION CENTER – HUMAN RIGHTS LIBRARY
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
IN TODAY'S ISSUE:
Previously to the elections of the president of Georgia the number of the prison-hospital's grand has increased. The chairman of the Parliament's Human Rights Committee Elene Tevdoradze has refused the news about the transference of ''Internal Troops'' contingent info prison-hospital. According to the Georgian legislation, penitentiary system institutions must be guarded by the Ministry of Justice. Ms. Tevdoradze has personally visited the prison-hospital for being confident that ''Internal Troops'' contingent is not transferred to the prison-hospital.
A new organization for human rights takes a quick start
''International Club of Lawyers'', despite its one-month existence, is involved into 15 civil and 10 criminal cases. The organization renders a charge-free legal assistance to the victim parties. According to the president of the Club, Jimsher Tkebuchava, the organization was founded on the basis of ''advocates' and journalists' association''. The main objective of the organization is the rendering of charge free legal assistance to the socially unprotected population in criminal, civil and administrative cases. An organization consists of 16 members [mainly of lawyers and journalists]. 3 of then are involved in ''City Advocate'' program, 4 are lecturers of the University ''Iveria''. Club funds are mainly based on donations of its members.
For the present time, the Club is participating in Soros Foundation grant competition for the project description on ''Advocate-patrols''. The purpose of the project is the protection of detainees' rights in the detention places of Tbilisi.
Hunger strikers don't believe to Shevardnadze's promise
On April 6 the Head of Human rights' Committee of Parliament of Georgia
Elene Tevdoradze has visited the prisoners in prison-hospital, who are
striking from the February 2. According to Tevdoradze, despite the President's
statement to solve the problem sufficiently, prisoners do not believe him
and 4 of them are going to attempt suicide on the day of elections.
We'll make Kvarelashvili to observe the law through the trial
Organization ''Former political prisoners for human rights '' is going to sue the head of Penitentiary Department Givi Kvarelashvili in Supreme Court of Georgia. According to Gela Nikoleishvili, member of organization's board, Kvarelashvili is roughly breaching the law, because he doesn't allow members of his organization to visit hunger strikers prisoners. Prisoners demand to meet representatives of NGO and reporters. As Nikolaishvili has noted, he had applied to Kvarelashvili 10 days ago to visit hunger striker prisoners in Avchala Colony. They are striking from 13th of March. Kvarelashvili denied an organization's request. That's a reason why an organization is going to sue him. This is first time in Georgia when the suit is arised against the stature of penitentiary system of the state. ''Any illegal action of government stature must be suppressed'', -told Gela Nikolaishvili.
Ex-policeman blames his colleagues for physical abuse
Ex- policeman, resident of Rustavi city, 28 years old David Kalaijishvili, blames members of Criminal Police Department for his physical abuse. As he has noted in the statement , which he submitted to the Human Rights Commission of the Council of Rustavi, on April 7, he has detained by several policeman in one of the pubs of Rustavi, and who took him to the Police Department by force and without any explanations. They brought him to the chief of Criminal Police Department Gia Gogava, who personally tortured him in his office during an hour.
According to Kalaijishvili`s statement, policeman gave no explanations
for their actions. Besides the Human Rights Commission, David Kalaijishvili
applied to the Prosecutor's office to initiate an investigation. as the
Chairman of Rustavi, Council's Human Rights Commission pointed out, it
was not the first time when police is roughly abusing Human Rights in Rustavi.
Mchedlidze just fixes the violations
On the election sections 7 and 37 in Vake and Nadzaladevi regions people
from the Citizen' s Union have massively dropped bulletins for Shevardnadze
in election boxes- said the representative of Patiashvili - Gia Mchedlidze.
He has also pointed out, that there was found number of bulletins in the
boxes before the election had started. " This is a criminal action . We
know the personalities who has signed that bulletins"-said Mchedlidze.
Citizen's Union They recollected the census after elections
It's necessary to census the population ,- said Jumber Lominadze, chairman of the election commission. He explained the necessity of census by problems caused by indefinite number of voters on election sections. Due to Lominadze's speech " we had the consideration, with foreign observers but because of technical problems was aborted."
Gugeshashvili absolutely refuses to be pardoned.
Many prisoners have been released in recent years in Georgia, but still
there is a number of prisoners, who consider themselves as political prisoners.
One of them is the number of "Mkhedrioni: Dodo Gugeshashvili , who denies
to be pardoned as a result of political act from the president of Georgia
before the presidential elections.
"It is abusive for me to be pardoned. I request the rehabilitation and not the pardon "- told the prisoner.
Outrageous police tights journalists
The thing that happened on the 8th of April in Sports Palace is much horrible. The 30 thousand young people came there to attend the concert, but only 8 thousand appeared in the hall. Others were sacred by police. Outsiders remained there, police attacked people, youngsters acted aggressively too, they were drunk. They crashed the windows and thew stone, to policemen. Police stroke back, they bit the caught the reporter of ''Kviris Palitra'' Gia Abdaladze was shooting the scene, that's why police officers bit him particularly hard and crashed his camera.
According to the Saburtalo 2 division heads ''The case is under investigation''—but it is a shear lie. There was no expertise held and no recognition procedure. The statement by Abdaladze was filed four days later and he became the object of reducible, even psychological pressure was used. If the case is going to proceed in the same manner nobody is going to be punished. Is it so difficult to find that colonel? The rank would be represented by two or three at Sports Palace. It appears that quasi law enforcers don't care for rule of law and human rights. The primary task of police first of all is exactly that goal. Unless our ''dignified'' police will never get the esteem of it's own citizens. Independent Society ''Human Rights in Georgia'' firmly protests against the fact and demands from authorities to punish perpetrators.
English Kids against Physical Abuse
In the center of London the demonstration of British children and youth had been held. The protest against the child abuse by parents. According to the organizers the Britain's have to know from the very early childhood how to defend their rights. Neither teachers non parent have the right to touch children physically . Physical Abuse—caucuses trauma and humiliates child. According to British laws it's prohibited to punish children and bit them with belt but to strike them ''kindly-with love'' is valid. The demonstration was observed by the police who actually cared a bout children who might get under the cars. Demonstration ended up by handing Tony Blair the proposal of prohibition of physical abuse by law.
The criminal case has not yet been launched on physical Abuse of Tsomaia
On ''Zviad Ganmatavisuplebeli'', party leader Leila Tsomaia's physical abuse, criminal case has not yet been launched. On the 30th of March she was abused by unknown people rear her house at Leonidze street. Nobody was examined by Police, because according to Tsomaia ''we live in totalitarian country of criminals''. Instead she had twice been called to count because she signed the leaflet , together with other anti election block members, addressing people to ignore presidential elections.
Prisoner demands the resignation of president
In spite of the fact the presidential elections are over the heat is
still rather hard. Nevertheless the tact that president has treated Political
Prisoners with sympathy he is still facing problems. since the 9th of April
in prisons Republican hospital Tamaz Tsiclauri the member of Georgian Helsinki
Union declared hungry strike . The only one point he want to reach is ''Immediate
resignation of E. Shevardnadze and his junta".
Authoritative state—Protector of Totalitarian sects
On the 16th of April we faced another tragedy. At a bout midnight in Tbilisi first clinical Hospital died 21 years old Lia Jankanidze. Short facts: she originated from Gori region. She had premature birth and got in hospital. Because of her will that she didn't want blood injection the fetus died and she got gangrene on her left leg. The most horrible thing is that patient and her mother declared in written form that they were firmly against blood injection, whatever the results might by.
During the operation "caring mom" and some other representation of the sect were watching over the process and "making ways to Jehovah" As a matter of facts this is not a single case because of the same reason recently seven years old Sopiko Chikvadze died. Her own father claimed responsibility . That why doctor's are forced to disobey them and are thing to help these people secretly. We are facing a serious problem, the law on health bans actions undertaken by the doctor that are against the patient, so the law protects the rights of patient, on the often hand the people sure in their device destination demand from to brake the law and the question is, who is guilty? who has to answer for these terrible cases? It rounds queer, but nobody can give a clear answer . Neither the hands of the sect, nor parents, nor doctors are guilty, because there is no law on that particular occasion. the law on religion has hot been pass in Parliament. No clear division between state and church. The answer is simple the law will prohibit such kind of sects and some high rank officials will lose their profits. the political reason is even more significant, because the humanitarian aid that comes basically for those sects with stop. The example is very vivid the decision of Russian Duma to pass the law on religion faced enormous difficulties
In such developed countries of Europe as France, Greece and Germany the laws against totalitarian sects are adopted . Therefore it we are Georgians and therefore Europeans that is
The thing is that we have to look for guilt among the government. It is parliaments responsibility which for whatever reasons has not yet passed the law. Responsibility also fall on court, which registered " suicide" organization. On the background of absence of law the registration of such organization is not justified.
Marinov was detained in Sophia
A person wanted by Interlope, former head of red Cross Office in Georgia Alexander Marinov was detained in Sophia, Bulgaria. On 12th of July 1997 he killed two young men in car accident. That time he was under protection of the diplomatic immunity and avoided on investigation; two month later he left the territory of Georgia. Recently he’s been deprived his immunity and was detained by Police. The trail will define in the nearest future whether Marinov is guilty or not.
Member of ‘’Mkredrioni’’ is also struggling for the post of Public Defender
The post of Public Defender is still vacant in Georgia, There are several candidates for that post, but the final discussion will take place in the Parliament of Georgia. Despite the Constitution and legislation gives a serious opportunity, the institution of Public Defender could not establish its real place in Georgia. Tree gross violations of human rights take place in our country, every single day but nobody sets up responsibilities of persons, who violate them, criminal acts are unpunished while public defender’s office is ignorant.
Our hope is that new public Defender will improve the situation. As we are informed by the head of the Committee of Human Rights of the Parliament of Georgia. Ms. Elene Tevdoradze, legislative body will begin discussions on pubic Defender’s issues in the nearest future. Candidates are follows; Vakhtand Dzabiradze – faction ‘’Industrialists,’’ Nana Devdariani- faction ‘’Socialists’’ and Tornike Berishvili-NGO of veterans and Disabled persons, also member of ‘’Mkhedroini’’.
It would be better not to go to army at all the condition of infected soldiers remains grave
In May 1997 11 soldiers defending border in Lilo division had nuclear burnt. They say that the gift left by Russia soldiers caused the disaster. The deputy of the State border defense George Kukhianidze declares, that the territory was examined. They can not explain how capsules could appear to soldiers. It’s possible that soldiers have found capsules somewhere. Some of them where found in their pockets, but they can’t explain why. The place of capsule touch was completely burnt. 11 ex-border defense officers are in need of medical care. Back in 1977 they all where taken to the Tbilisi State Medical University # - 1 Clinical hospital. They were also Undergoing treatment different hospitals in Tbilisi and Moscow. Those day Georgian doctors didn’t have an opportunity to diagnose the decease, so the Ministry of Health and parliamentary committee invited Russian specialists. After clarifying of diagnose 4 soldiers were immediately sent to France and 7 to Germany. The situation was critical. The treatment was not quite a successful one and they had care in Tbilisi in February-March 1998. Meanwhile two more soldiers infected. High rank officials really cared about infected soldiers and they again invited Russian specialists Anatoly Tsib and Mikail Barlichev. One of the soldiers returned from France and after consulting with professor Iva Kuzanov had an operation on amputation of his right hand. All soldiers were thoroughly examined and were given II group of invalidity and pension 45 Lari. Negotiation with Russian side were renewed it was decided to send 3 soldiers to undergo specific treatment in Obninsk All the operations and in general, all the actions taken towards soldiers were headed by the State Borders Defense State department. One of the infected soldiers Zurab balamtsarashvili was in the department on a contractual base, He is a II group invalid as many other pensioners he has not got his pension also.
It was 1997. I was on a compulsory Military service in Lilo. I don’t know what happened, soldiers had capsules, I didn’t see anything. Now when we ask each other everybody is confused nobody remembers how capsules appeared.
_ How did you feel that you were infected?
_I felt weakness, then we had the feeling of vomiting then the spots appeared on our skin which turned into burns. In the most serious form the disease spread to Nodar Aduashvili. If took a long time to find out what it was it turned out to be nuclear radiation.
_Where did you get medical treatment ?
7 went to Germany 4 to France, then to Russia and so on. The disease causes radical changes in blood and querying. It is illness which is impossible to fight in a short period of time. I was operated twice on one wounding Germany. It is a verge dangerous decease.
-Who pays the Bills?- We always faced financial problems. Defense Department does everything possible to solve them. The basic costs of trips, visas and soon pays the Department. The costs of my treatment was paid by German Counterparts. The cure is very expensive.
-When are you going to go again (for cure)?-
When my health goes worse, I guess-
-What do you think who has to claim responsibility?-
I can not say some concrete names say I think the whole state has to
The family of Jehovah witness Jankanidze can sue Guram sharadze
The Jehovah organization-Pennsylvania watch tower-is surprised that the death of the one of their members went into a limelight. We speak about a girl, who out of religious convictions refused blood injection and died. "It was not necessary to pay so much attention to it, as regards to the marls has the right to use the tragedy of one family for own populists means. All in all what did her brother did who is not the witness of Jehovah? From the legal point of view the family has the right to sue for moral injury."-Says Mamuka Chabashvili the lawyer of the witnesses of Jehovah. The witnesses of Jehovah are convinced that it was not necessary to make blood injection and our Ministry of health is get very far from normal conditions. The Armenian specialist Moses Rejibow claims that alternative sergical methods are far more effective that the old ones. "The witnesses of Jehovah value life and care about their own health moreover who they or their children ore in need hey appeal to doctors. The only medical method that they don't except is blood injection and sometimes their position goes contrast to those of surgeons"-says Moses Rejibow. According to him over 16 million people were infected by blood injections, so it does us ground to claim that the operation is sate. The on health leaves to the patient to choose the means of medical treatment; Says Mamuka Chabashvili. Lia jankanidze was anadult person who express her firm will in written form without any pressure from any body and it was her right. The witnesses of Jehovah declare that the reasons of her death were rather controversial. The head of the clinic Avtandil Buachidze: "The patient was brought to us in a critical condition, the witnesses of Jehovah did not interfere in the process of medical treatment, they buying necessary drugs and were expressing their gratitude to the doctors."
Academic Giorgi Natsvlishvlishvili: "We had many cases, when after blood injection patients were dyeing after amputation. According to law the patient is able to choose the tray of medical treatment. In case of difference between the opinion of doctor and patient we take decision based on law." On question are the members of the family going to sue for moral injury Mamuka chabashvili answered that, Yet, he has no information.